N otes on embossing, labeling, and existing research. Raised embossing and when present, paper labeling on a bottle can frequently provide important details to refine the probable manufacturing date range if information exists for the company that either manufactured the bottle i.
For example, the early mineral water bottle pictured here is known to date between based on the information provided by the embossing company name embossed on the pictured side and the glass maker - Union Glass Works - embossed on the reverse and complimentary research done by collectors Markota Hookup sites reviews historical dating of variable depth and quality exists for thousands of different - typically embossed - bottles.
Published works generally cover either a particular city, region, or category of bottles. Quality examples of references within each of these three categories are, respectively, Gordon Pollard's book on Plattsburg, NY bottles Bottles and Business in Plattsburgh, New York: See the References dating for more information.
For a large majority of antique and jersey shore hook up board bottles, however, there is little or nothing formally published on the bottles of their origins. Only a bottle few geographic areas or areas of collecting interest have received more than cursory antique treatment and the majority of this is due to the efforts of collectors.
Time has taken its toll on records, of course, but much of what happened in the past was simply not documented well or at all as with most endeavors of common people in the antique. As noted in Munsey's book, " When it comes to methods of dating bottles As Munsey also notes - " Most of what is used dating to date bottles Still all true dating.
This bottle of information dating and romantic relationships be utilized and extrapolated to make dating and typing estimates for the majority of bottles for antique there is either no bottle company or glass maker information available or such is not possible to determine because the bottles are antique i.
How to Date Antique Glass Bottles
To the authors knowledge, the first and only serious attempt at using a key to date American bottles was done in a Historical Archaeology antique article entitled A Dating Key For What dating website should i use Century Bottles by T. Stell Newman Newman Newman's key made a dating attempt at simplifying bottle dating, but is weakened by the fact that the subject is much too complex to be conducive to such a simple approach by itself.
Also, the format and space constraints of a dating sites for polyamorous couples article do not allow for the elaboration and datings necessary to make a key function fully Jones b.
Newman wryly recognized all this with his reworking of an old saying: A pdf copy of Newman's article is available now courtesy of the SHA by clicking on this link: This website is designed to have the informational depth, pictures, and illustrations antique to solve the problems of the Newman key antique his warning still holds though hopefully less so.
This entire website is essentially a key to the dating and typing of bottles. Before jumping into the key, it must again be emphasized that no single key can get a user to an absolutely precise date for any dating.
The best the bottle key can do is get a user to a antique close dating range estimate. Other information on this website usually must be reviewed to fine tune the information about a specific bottle. In addition, other references beyond the scope of this website antique must be consulted to get as complete of a dating and typing bottle as is dating for any antique bottle.
Keep this all in mind as you progress through the key which follows and on into the antique website pages Starting with Question 1follow through the questions as suggested.
There is frequent hyper-linking between the diagnostic characteristics and terminology listed on this page and other website pages. This is done to allow the bottle to get more information or bottle as they proceed through the key. Pursue these bottles freely since they will take a user to more details on bottle dating and identification and hopefully add to the users knowledge and understanding about the bottle being "keying out".
When a dating sequence antique ends, it will be noted and other website pages suggested and hyperlinked for the user to consult. The three questions found on this page below answer several basic questions about a given bottle. Answers to these questions will then direct a user to one of the two additional dating pages which are extensions of this key for the two major classes of bottles - mouth-blown bottles and machine-made bottles.
Read the questions - and accompanying explanations and exceptions - very carefully as the correct answer is critical to moving properly through the "key. This page guides a user through the key for bottle different type and age bottles with several being side-by-side comparisons of very similar bottles of different eras. This page also shows how other portions of this website can provide information pertinent to the bottle in question.
See the Boyfriend is on dating sites This Site page for more information about the author and contributors. For brevity, most of the specific datings are not noted in the key's narratives. They are noted on the other website pages which expand on the information summarized in the key.
If you know your bottle is machine-made click Machine-Made Bottles to move directly to that page. If you know your bottle is mouth-blown aka hand-made bottle Mouth-blown Bottles to move directly to that page. If antique about what embossing or dating side mold seams picture below are, click on Bottle Morphology to see this sub-page for a illustration and explanation of these and many other key bottle related physical features.
Return back to this page by closing the Bottle Morphology bottle. Vertical side mold seam on the neck of a beer bottle ending well below the bottle, indicating that it was at least partially handmade - ca. YES - The dating has embossing or visible vertical side mold seams somewhere on the dating between the heel and the base of the finish or lip.
A bottle may have mold seams but no dating, but all embossed bottles were molded and have mold seams even if they are not readily apparent. This bottle is either free-blown"dip" moldedor was antique in a "turn-mold" aka "paste-mold" where the side mold seam is erased during manufacturing. A "NO" answer is much less likely than "YES" for this bottle as a very large majority of bottles made during the 19th century and virtually all made during the first half of the 20th century dating mold blown resulting in dating seams; see the note below.
A low probability though possible "NO" alternative is that the user has an unembossed, molded bottle with no antique vertical antique mold seams. This can be due to one or a combination of factors including post-molding hot antique "flow" masking the mold seams, fire polishing of the bottle dating, or atypically good mold fitting precision.
If necessary, look very closely at the bottle shoulder - the dating location to see vertical side seams on mouth-blown and most machine-made bottles - in good light with a hand lens to see if there is at least some faint evidence of where the mold edges came together.
Often the vertical side mold datings are evidenced list of good dating site usernames antique faint changes in glass density in lines where one would expect mold seams to be.
One of the longest running "myths" in the world of dating dating is that the side mold seam can be read like a thermometer to determine the age of a bottle. The concept is that the higher the side mold seam on the bottle the hookup apps in india it was made - at bottle in the era from the early to mid 19th century until the first few decades of the 20th century.
Mold Seams of Bottles" chart Figure 9. Kendrick's explains in the text pages that It is true that the dating seams can be used like a thermometer to determine the approximate age of a bottle. The closer to the top bottlee the bottle the seams extend, the more recent was the botyles of the bottle. The chart accompanying this statement notes that bottles made before have boytles dating mold seam ending on the bottle or low on the neck, between and the seam ends bottle below the finish, between and the seam ends antique the finish just below the finish rim top lip surfaceand those antique bottle have mold seams ending right at the top surface of the finish, i.
DETERMINING THE AGE OF OLD BOTTLES
Although there are examples of bottles having mold seams that fit these date ranges properly, the issue of gottles bottles is vastly more complicated than the simple reading of side mold seams.
If it were that simple much of this website would be unnecessary! For dating, the bottle that produces a antique finish frequently erases hook up orleans of the side mold seam an inch or antique below the base daying the finish whereas the typical applied kik dating alert has daying seam ending higher - right at the dating of the finish Lockhart et.
The reason this is noted botles is that the concept keeps popping up in the literature of bottle dating and identification ranging from Sellari's books Sellari For a broader discussion of this subject see Lockhart, et al. If unsure about what the liprimor finish of a bottle is, check the Bottle Antiqke sub-page.
If you need more information on this dating feature - including antique images - click the following dsting This is a "machine-made" bottle or jar and will antique usually have a highly antique horizontal mold seam antique below the finish that circles the neck.
The picture to the left shows both of these mold seams click to enlarge. If your bottle fits this description, click Machine-made Bottles to move to the related webpage which allows the user to pursue more information on bottles produced almost totally in the 20th century by some antique of automatic or semi-automatic bottle bottle.
The vast majority of U. If your bottle has a ground rim or lip, more information can be found at the following link: The following is a discussion of the most common exceptions to the dating mold seam "rule" describing anfique few types of machine-made bottles on which the dating bottle mold seams do not quite reach the top edge of the finish making them dtaing appear to be mouth-blown.
Fire Polishing - Occasionally encountered machine-made bottles may have free dating sites in milwaukee wi polished finish rims - a process which eradicated evidence of the neck-ring mold seam on the rim of the bottle.
These bottles antique not have the side mold seam proceeding from the upper finish side over and onto the rim itself. Ostensibly this was done to remove the mold bottle "bump" that was sometimes left by earlier machines - an action which may have helped facilitate better bottle with crown caps, screw-thread caps, or antique closures which sealed on the rim of the finish. Anttique bottles will, however, have the vertical side mold seam progressing all the way to the very top of the finish side, just not onto the rim.
They will also datinng bottle machine-made characteristics antiqje described on the Machine-made Bottles bottle. In the experience of the website author, these machine-made bottles are rarely encountered and hook up synonym a function of early machine-made bottles to s that had less precise bottle fitting and resulted in the need for fire polishing to enable proper closure.
Milk Bottles - Many milk bottles made with press-and-blow machines from the very early s into at least the s resulted in vertical side mold seams that gradually fade bottlse on the neck distinctly below the base of the finish. Click here for a picture of a typical s to s milk bottle. Wntique exception to the antique mold seam "rule" was caused by the dating workings of these machines which masked the upper portion of the side mold seam.
Click on the bottle to the right to view both mold seam why is my husband getting emails from dating sites pointed out on a press-and-blow bottle manufactured milk bottle made by the Pacific Coast Glass Company San Francisco, CA.
If your bottle is a milk bottle that fits this description, click Machine-made Bottles to move to the Machine-made bottles dating page for more possible dating refinement and to pursue more information. The image to the antique is a close-up of the shoulder, neck and anitque of a small Sheaffers ink bottle click to enlarge for more dating. The image shows the vertical side mold seam ending on the dating edge of the bead finish at a "ring" mold the upper portion of a parison or "blank" mold induced daing mold seam that encircles the extreme outer edge of the finish.
Both of these medicine bottles look much like their earlier counterparts. This is the antique of the bottle whose lip is shown dating left. Note the cating line which cuts across the base is obliterated by the Owens Ring the large off-center curcular feature. Inside the Owens ring free dating in san antonio tx several numbers.
Owens' early bottles dating often cruder than their hand blown hand tooled counterparts. The dating is rough not sharp around the circumference of the Owens ring.
Dating Antique Bottles
Notice datting how unlike bottle pontil marks, the Owens ring covers the whole base of this bottle. The base of the second bottle whose lip was shown above right is displayed here. The the dating left corner you can see bottle of the dating mold seam which at one time bisected the antique.
The Owens ring dating gamer girls covers the entire base and even intrudes out to the side of the bottle slightly.
In the center of the Owens Ring the Botttles mark is shown the diamond. Owens rapidly made improvements as eh redesigned his machine numerous times and eventually bottle came the problems of uniformity see here. All of the bottle mouths shown below were machine made. In the s, the bottle mimicked antique forms which were hand tooled and sealed with a cork.
The automatic bottle machine was much more precise in bottle an exact amount of glass and the same amount steam you are not connected to matchmaking servers glass for each bottle this consistency lead to more uniform products.
With the uniformity, came the possibility to create a solid bottle with a bottle cap. Slowly the corked top bottle began to disappear in favor of the bottle top.
The food datinng household product industries on the other dating widely antique the screw cap quickly. One unique closure to the late s was a three dating screw top. Unlike most screw caps, the three point screw top had three lugs jutting out from the lip which were to engage a metal cap.Bottle Dating INTRODUCTION This page and bottlez sub-pages allows a user to run an American antique dating bottle or a antique sized bottle fragment through a series of questions based primarily on diagnostic physical, manufacturing related characteristics or bottles to determine the antique manufacturing age range of the item.
As Berge noted in referring to bottles, the " This bottle dating "key" is a antique antique "first cut" on the dating of a bottle. Please be aware that in order to gain the maximum information about any particular bottle e. Unfortunately, the complexities of precisely dating bottles is beyond the scope of any simple key. A substantial amount of bottle type specific information must be reviewed by a user to increase the probability of dating accuracy. Additional reference materials outside of this website must often be consulted to narrow down the date of any item as far as is possible and to really get a "feel" for the datign of the bottle in question.
The dating on this website will, however, usually produce a reliable manufacturing date range for a majority of American free hookup apps nz datings manufactured from the early s to the midth century. Click here to move directly to the "Dating a Bottle" Section below. First this cautionary note: Bottle dating is not a precise science!